“A drop of water is worth more than a sack of gold to a thirsty man” -Anonymous-
From the quote above it is clear that the water is very precious in this life. Without water, people can not live. However, the problem about water has been familiar to us recently. The limited amount of water and the increasing number of humans cause the water crisis. The quality of freshwater is even getting worse. Wasting-water-behavior also causes more and more people losing access to clean water.
According to the UNICEF and WHO, in 2015, which made the deadline to cut half of the world’s population drink unsafe water, has been achieved. Both the world organizations reported that between 1990 and 2010, two billion people have gained access to improved water through pipelines and wells. However, the report also revealed the fact that there are countries that are not able to reach the target.
In fact, the lack of water in the body can be harmful to our health. People who are dehydrated have some signs that can be felt. For instance, they have difficulty concentrating, dry skin, headaches, and so forth. In addition, dehydration can cause circulatory substandard. Water gives overall body maintenance. Its role can have an effect on many things, including the activity of the body’s cells. In addition to relieving thirst, drinking water will regulate body temperature, helping residue disposal in the kidney, moisten the mucous membranes, improving digestion, lubricates the joints, keeping blood liquidity, and moisturize the skin. Water provides prevention against disease. Water that enters the body can soften the stool and ease it out, thus preventing constipation and hemorrhoids. Water also prevents urinary tract infections. Skin aging is not easy because it is always moist with water. In addition, water provides protection from infections and allergies that attack the mucous membranes of the throat, nose, eyes, and so on.
We certainly do not want that clean water is not accessible to people in need. Therefore we must act decisively to people who hinder the accessibility of clean water, such as illegal loggers and forest burners. It would be nice if our youth are invited to plant trees together, as it is accordance with Chinese proverb “The best time to plant a tree was 20 years ago. The next best time is now”. They also can be invited to act in volunteering activities in the provision of access to clean water in remote area.
From Biopori, Konata, to Tri Hita Karana
According to the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), in 2030 almost half of the human population will be experiencing shortage of water. I do not want that to happen, hopefully it is just as Thomas Robert Malthus’s theory that ultimately did not happen. Therefore, we need to act immediately to save the world’s water by involving all parties, especially the young generation. We can save water resources by implementing water conservation, both conventional and modern ways. One of the easiest ways is making Biopori. Biopori is a water absorbing pit dug into the ground, discovered by Kamir Raziudin Brata, a scientist from Indonesia. Each Biopori is 80 centimeters in depth and 10-30 centimeters in diameter. Biopori is very cheap but has great benefits. To create Biopori, we must make some holes in the yard, garden, or ditch. Holes each day are filled with organic waste. So, there will be organism bulking soil then afterward water easily absorbed. It can become a flood deterrent and also increases groundwater reserves. Besides using Biopori, groundwater reserves can also be increased with Konata, namely a small cylindrical well with a diameter of 100 centimeters and a depth of 400 centimeters. Konata has proven since 1974 as highly effective way in ensuring the conservation of water and soil. It is so relatively quick, cheap, easy maintenance, as well as useful so long. Besides Biopori and Konata, of course planting a tree in the neighborhood and roadside, increasing the number of green open land, and reforestation are equally important.
And the almost forgotten is the philosophy of Tri Hita Karana which is a product of local wisdom that has been residing in the hearts of our ancestors since the beginning of Java civilization, from Hindu Mataram era, Kediri, Singosari, Majapahit to Islam Mataram era. The concept of Tri Hita Karana includes the concept of life which God, man and nature stand in each corner as absolute elements of the implementation of the pulse of the universe. World universe is divided into three layers of nature. First, Parahyangan nature, is a realm where God is. Second, Pawongan nature, human nature where people carry out their lives in the physical and spiritual dimensions. The third is a Pelemahan nature, botanical universe beneath the dignity of man, as the world of plants, animals, or in short an environment. The implementation of alignment and harmony of human life requires absolute actual alignment of the three-dimensional realm. Humans must obey and adhere to the rules and laws of nature that have been outlined to them through religious teachings that have been handed down by God. Violation of religious norms and rules that have been revealed by God will cause moral degradation. It will cause people to indulge in lust to fulfill all his desires without regard to the rules of life norms, so many social and environmental problems will come easily. As for the concept of water conservation, this would be very good to implement the concept of Tri Hita Karana.
Of course there are many more ways to conserve water and we have to discover the innovation in the future. It is also important to have a strong desire in protecting and managing for water sustainability on the planet we have. We never know the worth of water till the well is dry. Save water!
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